It seems that some people refer to clones as simply specific cultivars and others mean it to suggest they’re plants arrived at through means other than selection massale.
whixh is it?
From the Prince of Pinot article: "The word clone is from the Greek word for twig. Clones are separate vines that are genetically identical to a mother plant. They have the same growth, habit, flavors and ripening time as the vine they come from. Clones are propagated asexually by taking cuttings or grafts from another vine. Seeds are not suitable for propagation since after pollination, new seeds are not genetically identical."
This is how I always thought of it/learned it.
Also, pretty cool articles on Pinot Clones:
But how is that different than massale? Propagating cuttings from the best vines in a vineyard. I ask because I've been hearing more and more interviews with Burgundians saying that massale is better than using clones. But, given the definition quoted above, that is, technically a form of cloning a plant.
I would say if they are taking cuttings that all came from the same mother plant at some point in time, they are still all clones from that mother vine. Clones mutate based on many many factors, however, it doesnt mean they arent still originally a clone from the original mother vine.
Jamie Goode has a good write-up in his The Science of Wine, "Some of these differ through spontaneous bud mutations, which then result in genetically altered shoots...and can be propagated by cuttings taken from such an affected shoot, resulting in a new clone of the variety." In a quote from José Vouillamoz later in the text, he states that the definition of 'clone' is not entirely clear, but mostly as an aggregate of mutations that are noticeable enough for humans to select for them (p. 19). There is also an oldy-but-goodie Guildsomm article here.