Thank you Jordan Gibson for chiming in on Rioja history last week! There is definitely a lot to dig in to regarding French influence in Rioja - Check it out in our Spain Study Guide for more information!
This week: Grape Juice
Before alcoholic fermentation occurs, what are some of the ways a winemaker can influence the flavors of the final wine?
Prior to fermentation, a winemaker can influence the flavors of the final product via the methodology of pressing, utilizing either destemming or the whole cluster approach to vinification. Winemakers have another pre-fermentation course of action in choosing to allow a wine to cold soak with its skins and pulp to deepen color and flavor extraction before initiating alcoholic fermentation.
In addition to some of the things Nathaniel mentioned, the winemaker can choose which yeast to use for fermentation. They could go with wild yeast or commercial yeast.