Angus Begg for the first time last post - thank you! Returning study post VIP inderpal singh bringing great info as always on ice wine/eiswein
This week: Mission
Where did this grape come from? What has been it's journey across the globe? What are its aliases? Characteristics in the vineyard & winery?
I had one from Tegan Passalacqua 's Sandlands label last night and it was absolutely delicious!
This grape was first identified in Castilla-La Mancha, Spain in 1513 as Palomino Negra. Phylloxera nearly eradicated the grape from Spain and the variety would have seemingly been lost forever if not for the recent discovery that Mission had been taken from Spain to the new world in the 16th and 17th centuries. Whilst commonly referred to today as Listan Prieto, it was given the name Mission in Mexico around 1540 by Spanish Franciscan priests. This is almost certainly the first vitis vinifera variety to be introduced to the Americas by the Old World. It was introduced to Chile and Argentina in the mid 16th century where it acquired several other synonyms listed below. Mission was also the first vitis vinifera cultivated in the Unites States, having been planted in the Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico by Capuchin monks in 1629. It was introduced to California around 1769 when Father Junipero Serra brought the vines from Mexico to his new mission in modern day San Diego, although there is evidence that wine was not made with the grapes for another 10 years. Regardless, it remained California’s main variety until the introduction of other European grapes in the second half of the 19th century. Below is a list of some common synonyms, but there are many more...• Palomina Negra- Spain• Listan Prieto- Spain• Criolla Chica- Argentina• Pais- Chile• Uva Negra- Chile
Viticultural Characteristics are described by Jancis as “Vigorous, productive and usefully tolerant of drought. Susceptible to Pierce’s disease and to crown gall.”
I’d love to hear more about how it behaves in the winery!
Some more interesting notes...• The grape is NOT the black-skinned version of Palomino Fino aka Listan Blanco, despite the confusing similarities of the synonyms. The DNA profiles do suggest however a close genetic relationship.• This grape is also genetically distinct from the Listan Negro found in the Canary Islands(which also is not the black skinned version of Palomino).• Mission is one of the parents of Argentina’s famous Torrontés Riojano, which it made by crossing with Muscat of Alexandria.
Need to try that Sandland's wine!!! Big fan of examples from Bouchon's (their Salvaje bottling especially) ,Garage Wine Co, Pipeno, and Bichi.